Chapter VII: Councils
In order to expedite social, economic, development, public health,
cultural, and educational programs and facilitate other affairs
relating to public welfare with the cooperation of the people
according to local needs, the administration of each village,
division, city, municipality, and province will be supervised by a
council to be named the Village, Division, City, Municipality, or
Provincial Council. Members of each of these councils will be
elected by the people of the locality in question. Qualifications
for the eligibility of electors and candidates for these councils,
as well as their functions and powers, the mode of election, the
jurisdiction of these councils, the hierarchy of their authority,
will be determined by law, in such a way as to preserve national
unity, territorial integrity, the system of the Islamic Republic,
and the sovereignty of the central government.
In order to prevent discrimination in the preparation of programs
for the development and welfare of the provinces, to secure the
cooperation of the people, and to arrange for the supervision of
coordinated implementation of such programs, a Supreme Council of
the Provinces will be formed, composed of representatives of the
Provincial Councils. Law will specify the manner in which this
council is to be formed and the functions that it is to fulfill.
The Supreme Council of the Provinces has the right within its
jurisdiction to draft bills and to submit them to the Islamic
Consultative Assembly, either directly or through the government.
These bills must be examined by the Assembly.
Provincial governors, city governors, divisional governors, and
other officials appointed by the government must abide by all
decisions taken by the councils within their jurisdiction.
In order to ensure Islamic equity and cooperation in chalking out
the programs and to bring about the harmonious progress of all units
of production, both industrial and agricultural, councils consisting
of the representatives of the workers, peasants, other employees,
and managers, will be formed in educational and administrative
units, units of service industries, and other units of a like
nature, similar councils will be formed, composed of representatives
of the members of those units. The mode of the formation of these
councils and the scope of their functions and powers, are to be
specified by law.
Decisions taken by the councils must not be contrary to the criteria
of Islam and the laws of the country.
The councils may not be dissolved unless they deviate from their
legal duties. The body responsible for determining such deviation,
as well as the manner for dissolving the councils and re-forming
them, will be specified by law. Should a council have any objection
to its dissolution, it has the right to appeal to a competent court,
and the court is duty-bound to examine its complaint outside the